Mahatma Gandhi is considered the leader and ‘Father of the Nation’ of the Indian National Movement against British rule. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 at a place called Porbandar in Gujarat. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas’s mother’s name was Putlibai, who was the fourth wife of Karamchand Gandhiji. Mohandas was the last child of his father’s fourth wife.
Gandhi ji and family- Gandhi’s mother Putlibai was highly religious. His routine was divided at home and temple. She regularly fasted and used to do service to someone in the family day and night when she fell ill. Mohandas was brought up in the Ramay family in Vaishnavism and Jainism had a strong influence on him with tough policies. Whose main principle is to believe in non-violence and all things in the world as eternal. Thus, they naturally adopted non-violence, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification and mutual tolerance among those who follow different creeds.
As a Gandhiji student – Mohandas was an average student, although he occasionally won awards and scholarships. He was not sharp both in studies and sports. He loved serving the ailing father, sharing the mother’s hand in household chores, and going on a long walk alone when he got time. In his words, he ‘learned to obey the elders’ command, not to take meek.
His adolescence was no more bustling than most children in his age group. After every such ignorance, he would promise himself, “I will never do this again” and would remain firm on his promise. He adopted mythological Hindu heroes like Prahlad and Harishchandra as living ideals, symbols of truth and sacrifice.
Gandhiji was married to Kasturba, the daughter of a merchant from Porbandar when he was only thirteen years old and attended school.
Young Gandhiji – In 1887, Mohandas somehow passed the matriculation examination of ‘Bombay University’ and enrolled in ‘Samaldas College’ located in Bhavnagar. Suddenly, going from Gujarati to English language, he started having some difficulty in understanding the lectures. Meanwhile, there was a discussion about his future in his family.
If the decision was left to him, he wanted to become a doctor. But incision was not allowed in the Vaishnava family. At the same time it was also clear that if he had to follow the family tradition of attaining a high position in a royal family of Gujarat, he would have to become a barrister and Gandhiji had to go to England.
Even in this way, Gandhi’s mind did not seem to have anything special in his ‘Samaldas College’, so he readily accepted this proposal. The image of England in his young mind was as ‘the land of philosophers and poets, the center of a whole civilization’. In September 1888 he reached London. 10 days after arriving there, he entered ‘Inner Temple’, one of the four law colleges in London.
In 1906, the Tanswal government issued a particularly derogatory ordinance for the registration of the Indian public of South Africa. In September 1906, the Indians organized a protest public meeting in Johannesburg under Gandhi’s leadership and took an oath to violate this ordinance and consequently to punish. Thus was born the Satyagraha, a new technique to withstand rather than inflict pain, fight against it, and fight it without violence.
After this, there was a struggle in South Africa for more than seven years. There were ups and downs, but the small community of Indian minorities under Gandhi’s leadership continued to struggle against their powerful opponents. Hundreds of Indians preferred to sacrifice their livelihood and freedom instead of succumbing to this law which hurt their self-respect.
When Gandhi returned to India – Gandhi returned to India in 1914. The countrymen gave him a grand welcome and started calling him Mahatma. He spent the next four years studying the Indian situation and preparing those who could join him in removing the social and political evils prevalent in India through satyagraha.
In February 1919, on the British made Rowlatt Act law, which had the provision of sending any person to jail without trial, they opposed the British. Then Gandhiji announced the Satyagraha movement. As a result, there was a political earthquake that rocked the entire subcontinent in the spring of 1919.
Inspired by this success, Mahatma Gandhi continued his opposition to satyagraha and non-violence in other campaigns for Indian independence, such as the ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’, ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’, ‘Dandi Yatra’ and ‘Quit India Movement’. All these efforts of Gandhiji gave India independence on 15 August 1947.
Epilogue – Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a prominent political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. He gained international fame for his non-violent protest theory for achieving political and social progress. Mahatma Gandhi is not just a name on the world stage but a symbol of peace and non-violence.
Even before Mahatma Gandhi, people knew about peace and non-violence, but the way he forced the British to leave India on the path of Satyagraha, peace and non-violence, there is no other example in world history. . That is why the United Nations has also announced to celebrate Gandhi Jayanti as ‘World Non-Violence Day’ since the year 2007.
Regarding Gandhi ji, the eminent scientist Einstein had said that – ‘The breeds that come after thousands of years will hardly believe that any such person made of bone and meat had ever come to earth.